The development of digitally competent of PLE for teachers and students in HE

E-portfolio kao personalizirani virtualni prostor za učenje i podučavanje u školama i Phe.

Hrvatska akademska i istraživačka mreža – CARNet organizira izobrazbu u području modernih tehnologija i okvire. Tečajevi su za upoznavanje praktične mogućnosti i teorijske osnove e-portfolija za osobne web stranice za nastavnike i studente, kao i za stvaranje personaliziranih virtualni prostor za učenje i provedba suradničkih metoda učenja.

CARNet pruža različite obrazovne programe, alate i usluge iz osnovne obuke, online i na licu mjesta, tečajeve za pružanje kompleksnih platformi za digitalne obrazovne resurse. Ona pruža diljem SAD-a centralizirano hosting za učenje sustava za upravljanje. Također pruža brojne platforme nude digitalne obrazovne resurse, uključujući multimedijske nastave, puna radova potrebnih čitanja škola literature u e-formatu knjige, platforma za distribuciju i kupnju obrazovnih e-knjige i sl CARNet ima veliko iskustvo u pružanju online tečajeva , licem u lice treninga i webinars i aktivno razvija pomoću upotrebe ICT-a u obrazovanju.


More Information


What was the challenge intended to be addressed? Why? What did work well? What did not work well? What have been the main achievements? How did you evaluate its success? What has been the change brought by this good practice?

The idea of introducing the Internet in the Republic of Croatia for the needs of higher education was born in 1991. It was the beginning of CARNET, as the first Internet Service Provider (ISP) in Croatia. Over the next few years CARNET was the only provider of Internet services in Croatia, not only to the academic community, but to all citizens of the Republic of Croatia.
In November 1992, the first international communication connection was established, linking the CARNET node in Zagreb to Austria. Thus, Croatia became part of the world's computer network.
Also, during 1992, the first equipment was acquired and the core of the CARNET network was acquired. Institutions within Croatia were connected by a 19-200 kbps connection, and the entire network connected to the Internet over Austria at 64 kbps.
The first institutions connected to the Internet were:
- University Computing Center - Heart
- Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computing in Zagreb
- Ruđer Bošković Institute
- Faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics
- Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture in Split
- Faculty of Engineering in Rijeka
- Faculty of Economics in Osijek
- Ministry of Science and Technology.
In the first months of 1993, the International Assigned Number Authority (IANA) awarded the CARNET administration over the top .hr domain.
In October 1994, CARNET started to hold the first Internet courses for its users. Over time, user training became one of CARNET's most important activities, and in January 2001, the CARNET was set up Education Center for the organized formatting and dissemination of knowledge on information and communication technologies.

Success Factors

What are the enabling conditions (e.g. institutional, economic, social/cultural, regulatory) that needed to be in place or played a facilitating role for the good practice to be successful?

After the Government of the Republic of Croatia, on March 1, 1995 by its decree established The Croatian Academic and Research Network CARNET, after that the conditions for development of the e-services for higher education institutions in the Republic of Croatia have improved.
Today CARNET supports the complete computerization of education and science in the Republic of Croatia with its e-infrastructure, e-services and e-content.
CARNET services are available to educational institutions (from K-12 to higher education, including research centers and institutes) and individual users alike. Institutional users are automatically included in the network of CARNet members, as a result of which they are connected to CARNet network and gain the right to use CARNet services. Individual users include primary and secondary school students, teachers, university students, professors, scientists and staff employed at CARNet member institutions. Recently CARNet services are also available to other public institutions such as hospitals, certain ministries etc.


What are the challenges, barriers or limiting factors encountered? How have they been addressed?

Teachers are responsible for managing the education system and teaching curricula, in line with the development of new teaching methods (especially in the areas where ICT has an impact on teaching and learning), they need appropriate professional skills, and often need to acquire new knowledge or skills or redefine the existing ones. Students also in PLE must have digital competences to use ICT in formal and informal lifelong learning.
a) an efficient and transparent management of the PLE;
b) the development of digitally competent teachers prepared for the application of innovations in their own pedagogical practices;
c) the development of digitally competent students, who are prepared for a continuation of their schooling and competitive on the labour market.

Feasibility & Sustainability

What are the elements that need to be put into place for the good practice to be sustainable (institutionally, socially, economically, etc.)? If applicable, indicate the total costs incurred for the implementation of the practice. What are the benefits compared to total costs?

The institution CARNET supports the complete computerization of all education and science in the Republic of Croatia through its e-infrastructure, e-services and e-content through the following tasks:
- provides an advanced and high-availability e-infrastructure;
- develops e-services and e-content;
- promots the security of the Internet in the Republic of Croatia and the region;
- stimulates the innovativeness and excellence of users in using advanced information and communication technologies;
- develops the reliable and responsible partnership with customers, applying and sharing its knowledge and experiences with them;
- participates in suggests and implementing legislation for the use of ICT in the Croatian education and science system.
It is not necessary for each individual PHE institution to develops its own systems and models that may be expensive and incompatible, and also spend its human resources.
The institutional model and framework (such as CARNET) to maintain e-infrastructure, e-services, e-content, e-competences and e-methodology in PHE system, involving stakeholder engagement could provide savings for every single PHE institution. This institutional model (like CARNET) is quite good and enoug, and on the other hand is good for standardized and compatible developing, is inexpensive and sustainable.

Replicability & Upscaling

What are the possibilities of extending the good practice more widely? What are the conditions that need to be in place for the good practice to be successfully replicated in a similar context? What are the steps that should be taken/respected to ensure that the good practice is replicated / up-scaled, but adapted to the new context?

CARNET renders its services in cooperation with the Ministry of Science and Education.
The use of ICT infrastructures of CARNET, its services, resources and methodological frameworks is a good practice, and using it on almost all levels of educational institutions in Croatia, from primary school to high educational institutions.
Carnet Services can be used by all public and private sectors such as primary and secondary schools, school children, teachers, faculties and institutes, students, professors and other stakeholders.

Lessons learned

What would have facilitated an earlier and/or bigger impact? What are the key features that should be kept in mind if this would have to be implemented again? What would you do differently if you could go back in time? What could have been done better?

If individual PHE institutions have lack off sufficient capacity or resources to develop their own modern teaching methodology framework, a centralized institutional approach such as Carnet can provide ICT infrastructure and all support from one place. An institution like CARNET has all the resources that are ultimately cheaper than experimenting and developing their own solutions.


Please provide some information about the context and initial situation that can help in fully understanding the action (e.g. information about the national system, applying regulations, etc.)

Permanent institutional educational and technical support for professors, students and other stakeholders in PLE did not exist before. Carnet was created as national institution to provide a support to the PHE policy in formal and informal lifelong learning. The project succeeded as it was supported by the highest state bodies of the appropriate Ministry and Government.